Mac-Mahon, Edme-Patrice-Maurice, count de

(1808-1898)
   military and political figure, marshal of France
   Born in Sully to a family of irish Jacobite origin, Edme Patrice Maurice, count de Mac-Mahon was educated at saint-cyr and took part in the early military campaigns in Algeria. For his distinguished service he was made a brigadier general in 1848 and later a division commander in the crimean War (1854-1856) and in the Algerian Campaign of 1857-58. After the campaign of Magenta (1859) against the Austrians, he was made a marshal of France and duke of Magenta. He was appointed governor-general of Algeria in 1864, a position that he held until 1870. Marshal Mac-Mahon was then given command of the First Army Corps during the franco-prussian war. Named commander of the army at Versailles by louis-adolphe Thiers, he won the support of the conservatives in the National Assembly by his repression of the Paris commune (March-May 1871). Backed by the monarchists, he became the second president of the third republic in 1873. A conservative and monarchist, Mac-Mahon, during a struggle with the republicans in 1877, dissolved the chamber of Deputies. When the republicans won the election, he was forced to resign (1879), and he retired from public life.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

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  • Mac-Mahon, (Marie-Edme-Patrice-) Maurice, count de — later duke de Magenta born July 13, 1808, Sully, France died Oct. 17, 1893, Loiret French soldier and second president (1873–79) of the Third Republic. Descended from an Irish Jacobite family, he began his army career in 1827 and distinguished… …   Universalium

  • Mac-Mahon, Marie-Edme-Patrice-Maurice, comte de (count of), Duc De (duke of) Magenta — ▪ president of France born July 13, 1808, Sully, Fr. died Oct. 17, 1893, Loiret       marshal of France and second president of the Third French Republic. During his presidency the Third Republic took shape, the new constitutional laws of 1875… …   Universalium

  • count — count1 /kownt/, v.t. 1. to check over (the separate units or groups of a collection) one by one to determine the total number; add up; enumerate: He counted his tickets and found he had ten. 2. to reckon up; calculate; compute. 3. to list or name …   Universalium

  • Maurice — /mawr is, mor , maw rees /; for 3 also Fr. /maw rddees /, n. 1. German, Moritz. 1521 53, German general: elector of Saxony 1547 53. 2. of Nassau, 1567 1625, Dutch statesman. 3. a male given name. * * * (as used in expressions) Barrès Auguste… …   Universalium

  • mac — mac1 /mak/, n. (often cap.) Informal. fellow; bud (a familiar term of address to a man or boy whose name is not known to the speaker). [1650 60; special use of MAC] mac2 /mak/, n. Informal. 1. a mackintosh. 2. McIntosh. Also, mack. [ …   Universalium

  • Mac — /mak/, n. a male given name. * * * (as used in expressions) Mac ind Óg Conchobar mac Nessa Mac Mahon Marie Edme Patrice Maurice count de * * * …   Universalium

  • Marie — /meuh ree /; for 2 also Fr. /mann rddee /, n. 1. (Marie Alexandra Victoria of Saxe Coburg) 1875 1938, queen of Rumania 1914 27. 2. a female given name, French form of Mary. * * * (as used in expressions) Marie Josèphe Rose Tascher de la Pagerie… …   Universalium

  • France — /frans, frahns/; Fr. /frddahonns/, n. 1. Anatole /ann nann tawl /, (Jacques Anatole Thibault), 1844 1924, French novelist and essayist: Nobel prize 1921. 2. a republic in W Europe. 58,470,421; 212,736 sq. mi. (550,985 sq. km). Cap.: Paris. 3.… …   Universalium

  • Sedan, Battle of — (Sept. 1, 1870) Defeat of the French army in the Franco Prussian War that led to the fall of the Second Empire. At the French border fortress of Sedan on the Meuse River, 120,000 French troops under Maurice, count de Mac Mahon, were attacked by… …   Universalium

  • Franco-German War — ▪ European history also called  Franco Prussian War   (July 19, 1870–May 10, 1871), war in which a coalition of German states led by Prussia defeated France. The war marked the end of French hegemony in continental Europe and resulted in the… …   Universalium

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